Denkmäler aus Aegypten und Aethiopien

Denkmäler aus Aegypten und Aethiopien which translates as Monuments from Egypt and Ethiopia is a 12 volume work by Karl Richard Lepsius. Lepsius made detailed records of inscriptions, landscapes, monuments and more during a 4 year tour of the area from 1842-1845.

The entire collection has been digitised by the Carl Richard Lepsius Projekt and can be accessed by clicking on this link and by navigating the links in the left-hand column of the page. The Textbände button provides you with a drop down to the 5 volumes of written descriptions (in German). The Tafelwerke button offers a drop down list of seven volumes (Abtheilung) of illustrations, each sub-divided into sections (Band)

Of particular interest is his illustration of the small chapel or temple between the forelegs of the Great Sphinx which can be found on page 32 at TAFELWERKE/ABTHEILUNG I/BAND I - TOPOGRAPHIE & ARCHITEKTUR.

His illustration of the Dream Stela of Thutmose IV which sits at the back of the Sphinx chapel can be found on p69 at TAFELWERKE/ABTHEILUNG III/BAND V - NEUES REICH. Lepsius' record of the partially preserved name of Khafre at the bottom of the stela is one of the only remaining records of this part of the inscription which has subsequently disappeared.

The importance of his work in preserving a great deal of Ancient Egyptian heritage is further illustrated by his record of a scene in the tomb of the vizier Rekhmire of the 18th Dynasty (TAFELWERKE/ABTHEILUNG III/BAND V - NEUES REICH p42) It illustrates the construction of several mounuments, including a sphinx. The scene is now regrettably badly damaged as can be seen from this photograph from the detailed record of Rekhmire's tomb on the Osirisnet Tombs of Ancient Egypt webpage.

Slightly lower quality scans of the seven volumes of images can be found online at the New York Public Library Digital Collection. Direct links to three of the images are provided below. Clicking on any of the images will take you to the image on the website of the New York Public Library.

Lepsius' illustration of the Dream Stela of Thutmose IV.

Lepsius' illustration of the chapel between the legs of the Great Sphinx.

Lepsius's illustration of workers carving a sphinx from the tomb of Rekhmire.

Title image, Lepsius' record of a frieze from the tomb of Rekhmire illustrating the carving of a sphinx from Denkmäler aus Aegypten und Aethiopien, Tafelwerke, Abtheilung III, Band V Neues Reich from the New York Public Library Digital Collection